This guide provides an introduction to selected citation rules in The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation (21st ed.), and citation examples for students working on academic law journals. These examples are provided for instructional purposes only. You should always refer to The Bluebook itself and base your final citations on its rules and examples. The Bluebook's online Quick Style Guide provides additional suggestions on formatting commonly used sources.
The 21st edition of The Bluebook was released in summer 2020. A summary of updates to the prior 20th edition can be found in The Bluebook Twenty-First Edition: Noteworthy Changes. (Of particular note are updates to Rule 12, which governs citations to statutes, and the move of T2 (Foreign Jurisdicions) to an online-only format.)
The Bluebook is divided into two main parts:
There are several ways to quickly locate rules or citation examples:
|Quick Reference: Law Review Footnotes table||Inside of the front cover|
|Quick Reference: Court Documents and Legal Memoranda table||Inside of the back cover|
|Index (find rules and page numbers by keyword)||Back of the volume|
|Table of Contents (find major rules and tables)||Back cover|